THE SULEYMANIYE MOSQUE
The Süleymaniye Mosque is the mosque built by Sinan the Architect in Istanbul between 1551-1557 for I Süleyman.
The Suleymaniye Mosque, which is considered as the monumental work of the Architect Sinan, was built as part of the Süleymaniye Complex, consisting of madrasahs, a library, a hospital, a mosque, bath, imaret and shops.
The Süleymaniye Mosque is one of the most important examples of Classical Ottoman Architecture. Despite the earthquake in Istanbul, there is not a slight crack in the walls of the mosque. The dome of the mosque sitting on four elephant feet is 53 m. It is 27.5 m in diameter. This main dome is supported by two half domes, as seen in Hagia Sophia. There are 32 windows in the dome. There are minarets on the four corners of the mosque courtyard. Two of these minarets adjoined to the mosque are three-pointed and 76 m high, and the other two minarets on the north side of the mosque’s courtyard are located on the corner of the entrance ceiling wall. The two minarets are both honorable and 56 m high. The mosque was constructed to create an air current in the mosque that allowed the oil lamps to be collected at a single point. The carbon from the mosque were collected in the room above the main entrance door and these were used for making ink.
There is a rectangular fountain in the middle of the mosque courtyard surrounded by 28 porticoes. There are graves of Süleyman the Magnificent and his wife Hürrem Sultan on the kibble side of the mosque. The tomb of Sultan Süleyman was adorned with diamonds placed between the metal plates inside to give the image of the sky with the dome stars.
The mosque has a simple structure in terms of ornamentation. The windows on the mihrab wall are adorned with stained glass. The tile medallions on the windows on both sides of the mihrab are covered with calligraphs of Surat Al-Fathi, and in the middle of the main dome of the mosque Surat an-Nur.
The Suleymaniye Mosque has 4 minarets. The reason for this is that Sultan Suleyman was the fourth sultan after the conquest of Istanbul. Ten balconies in four minarets are an indication of the tenth sultan of the Ottoman Empire who was also Sultan Suleyman.
The second largest complex after the Fatih complex in the Ottoman mosques is the Suleymaniye mosque. The complex was built on the highest peak in the middle of the Istanbul peninsula, overlooking the Golden Horn, Marmara, Topkap? Palace and Bosphorus. Mimar Sinan’s tumulus is a modest small building opposite the walls of the outer courtyard, which is a complex of mosques, madrasahs, hospital, fountain, imaret, bath, library and shops. The Tiryakiler Bazaar has two madrasah circles and two small houses on the road behind it.
The arch of the main hall was called by the Sinan to be a cube of cbra (power belt). The platform of the mosque yard is higher than the road on the Golden Horn.